Spectator safety is achieved by establishing a balance between good management and good design. It cannot be achieved simply by ensuring that individual components of a ground such as stairways, gangways and viewing decks are satisfactory in themselves.
The inter-relation of these and other components is critical. None can be treated in isolation without consideration of the effect its design and management has upon the other components. They should all be compatible and combine to form a balanced unit.
Detailed guidance on measures intended to improve safety at existing grounds, in terms of both their design and safety management is available in the Guide to Safety at Sports Grounds (Green Guide). Although it is not a definitive design guide it offers guidance on good practice in the design and management of new grounds or newly constructed sections of grounds.