What’s new in the 6th edition of the Green Guide?
This page summarises the key areas in which this, the sixth edition of the Guide to Safety at Sports Grounds, differs from the fifth edition, published in 2008.
- Management responsibility is extended throughout the Guide from ‘all spectators’ to ‘all people present’ at the ground (including sports ground staff, sub-contracted staff, media personnel, medical providers and so on)
- New guidance is offered for the co-ordination of circulation and movement in the area immediately beyond the outer perimeter of the sports ground, an area described as Zone Ex.
- This edition takes fuller account of the need to understand, monitor and control crowd densities on circulation routes and on concourses, and acknowledges the increasing use of crowd simulation modelling.
- This edition provides additional guidance on counter-terrorism, including such contingencies as lockdown, partial lockdown, partial evacuation and invacuation.
- The Guide takes into account the greater use of fire engineering in the design process.
- The Guide recognises the increased use of, and dependence on digital technology.
- More emphasis is placed on the risk of potential slip hazards caused by rainwater and other sources of contamination arising from the provision of partial cover, or from having no cover.
- Purchasers of the digital edition will be able to source additional guidance, plus alerts to newly published information, FAQs and to news of innovations related to sports ground safety, design and management.
- Certain annexes and all worked examples are now located on the SGSA website (see Contents page).
- Recognition is made of the need to present visual information (such as signage, tickets, maps, display boards and safety-related documentation), in a form that should not be misunderstood by people with colour vision deficiency, or colour blindness. A new Annex C (available via the SGSA website) offers further guidance.
- All references to British Standards, Building Regulations and other advisory documents have been updated, and in the digital edition provided with hyperlinks to the official source.
Tools and resources
Advice on Drones
You may be familiar with the scenes from the Partizan stadium during the Serbia v Albania Euro 2016 qualifying game, when a drone carrying a pro-Albanian flag landed on the pitch. The violence that ensued both on the pitch and in the stands is a reminder of how quickly situations can change.
Dynamic Performance and Testing of Grandstands
Dynamic performance requirements for permanent grandstands subject to crowd action - Interim guidance on assessment and design.The principal advice given in the Guidance concerns the recommended vertical natural frequencies and horizontal load resistance of grandstands considered necessary to provide the safety and comfort of the public at a range of sporting and other entertainment events.
How to calculate the safe capacity of a sports ground?
The responsibility for calculating the safe capacity of a ground rests with the ground management. Where any part or parts of a ground are covered by a safety certificate issued by the local authority the capacity calculated by ground management should be reviewed by the local authority and if validated included in the safety certificate. Further information and detail is available in the Green Guide.
When should the first annual inspection and structural appraisal be undertaken at a new, or recently completed, stadium?
It is usual that the safety certificate or operations manual will require ground management to obtain every 12 months , a report from a competent person that the structural elements have been inspected and found to be adequate.